Heating your Home – But How Does an Electric Radiator Work?

If you have used an electric radiator in your home or in your workplace, you have probably benefited from the heat that they provide. However, have you ever wondered how these heaters work? Although it looks like a simple device, an electric heater performs the task of converting electric energy into heat. How does it do this and what processes are involved? Let’s take a look at electric radiators, such as the ones from www.electricradiatorsdirect.co.uk and examine how they work.

How an Electric Radiator Works

An electric heater is a home appliance that works by converting electrical energy to heat. It contains an electrical resistor, which works on the principle of “joule heating”. This means that the electric current flows through the resistor and converts the electrical energy into heat energy. It is common for this device to use a nichrome wire as the active heating element. Also, some types of heaters use tungsten, which also heats up quickly and absorbs a lot of energy. This type of metal retains the energy and releases it slowly, which means that your heater can use minimal power to maintain the temperature in your room.

The radiator is also filled with a thermodynamic fluid, which is designed to heat up rapidly and then expand the heat the entire exchange area inside of the radiator, which results in maximum heat on the outer surface. This fluid has high heat retaining properties, so it will hold the heat for as long as possible.

The Thermostat

Each of the radiators involved in heating a home is fitted with a very sensitive thermostat. This type of thermostat is very accurate and helps to control the temperature so that it is always at the ideal level for the home. Also, the thermostat helps to regulate the right amount of power that is needed to maintain this temperature, so that no power is wasted within the home.

How does the thermostat balance the temperature of the radiator effectively? Once the radiator is activated, it will draw full power until the temperature that is set by the thermostat is achieved. This usually takes around 5-10 minutes. Once the set temperature is achieved, the radiator will stop drawing power. At this point, the thermodynamic fluid within the home electric radiator will have rapidly expanded and the radiator will have 100% heat on its surface.

Thanks to the design of the heater, it will release this heat very slowly, continuing to keep the room warm while using a minimal amount of power. The air around the heater will become warm, causing it to rise. Cold air will rush in to take its place, creating a convection current. The warm air rises to the ceiling, cools down and then falls back down – completing the cycle. This current keeps the flow of warm air going and helps to heat the entire room.

One of the main advantages of using electric heaters is that their thermostats can be adjusted separately, so that you can have different temperatures in every room of the house. This can be an advantage when you want to turn down the heat in a room that you are not using, or when you want to have your bedroom warmer than your kitchen. Also, when you leave the house to go on holiday you will be able to turn down the thermostats on your electric heaters, which will save you a lot of money in the long run.

How Efficient Are Electric Radiators?

An electric radiator is generally regarded as being 100% efficient, because nearly 100% of the energy that is consumed by the radiator is being converted into heat and then released into the room. This is considered to be more efficient than piped in hot water heating systems, because a lot of the heat is lost within the pipes as it is being sent to the boiler and the radiator.

Also, electric radiators are more efficient because they are an “on demand” heating system. This means that you can turn on the heater when you need it and also turn it off when you don’t need the heat. This means that there will be less risk of wasted energy.

Roberta Peterson is interested in home decorating, environmentalism and creating a unique and beautiful home on a budget. She lives with her husband and their two cats.

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